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The investigation had three major components: transparency in the context of non-users; transparency in the context of users; and transparency in the context of sharing of user personal data between WhatsApp and its sister companies.
For the past decade or so, the GAFAMA group has been the target of accusations and ignominies of all kinds: tax evasion, abuse, scandal, tax havens, usurpation. All kinds of slanders, insults and reproaches have been hitting the fan in the mainstream press as well as the daily media, and on the benches of the National Assembly, in France.
Fake notebooks, clandestine meetings, secret phone calls, destroyed documents, the list goes on and on. About fifty companies were ultimately targeted by the twenty-three months of investigation.
The letters of formal notice, the first step in the proceedings, were sent 23 EU Member States have yet to fully transpose the Directives into national legislation, which entered into force in June 2019 and for which the transposition deadline was on 7 June.
The legislations are a part of a broader push by the EU towards a mandatory EU system of due diligence for supply chains
An opinion paper submitted by Eric Gardner de Béville, previously General Counsel at Coca-Cola
France, Spain & Portugal, consultant and member of the Cercle Montesquieu
These statistics are part of the findings from CMS’s European Class Action Report 2021 over the five year period from 2016 to 2020.